Pointillism is painting technique in which small and distinct dots of color are applied in a pattern to make an image. Paul Signac and Georges Seurat came up with the style in 1886. The term “Pointillism” came from art critics in the 1880s to criticize the works of these artists. Currently, the word is used without its earlier scornful connotation.
This technique relies on the ability of the mind and the eye of the observer to blend the colour spots into a completer range of tones. To some extent, this technique is related to Divisionism. The main difference between the two is that Divisionism is focused on colour theory while pointillism is more concerned with the particular brushwork style used to apply the paint.
The Pointillism practice is in contrast to the traditional ways of mixing pigments on a palette. Pointillism is similar to the 4-color CMYK printing methods used by some colour printers and big presses that put dots of Cyan (blue), Yellow, Key (black) and Magenta (red).
The painting used for Pointillist colour blending is at the expense of the old brushwork used to define texture. Many of Pointillist work are done in oil paints. Although anything may be used, oils are ideal because they are thick.